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How to get your papers published in International Journal of Oral and Maxillofac

2004-11-05 13:28:00 Source:IJOMS Author:Haers Hits:0

1. An excellent paper that will be accepted for publication is
* Focused
* Based on a sound hypothesis and an adequate investigation method analyzing a statistically relevant series
* Leading to relevant results that back the conclusion
* It is well written in simple scientific English grammar and style
* Present a clear message that contains new information that is relevant for the targeted readership of a specific journal.

2. Publishing papers is essential because a research project is not finished until its results are communicated
Publicities is publishing for other reasons:
- Letters to editor
- Case reports with 12 authors
- Research reports with 27 authors
- One study split in 4 papers
- Repeat-paper with 4 extra patients
- Paper in order language but with identical English abstract

3. Scientific papers
* Original scientific paper
* Review papers
* Consensus papers
* Meta-analysis papers
* Evidence Based papers
* Technical Note
* Case Report
* Short Communication
* Letter to the Editor

4. Requirements for Publishing
* Flawless Research Project
- Sound hypothesis
- Valid investigation method
- Statistically significant series
- Control Group
*Scientific Reporting of the Research Project
*Identifying of a suitable Journal
*Adaptation of paper to the journal style
*Submitting of paper
*Revising and proofreading

5.Flawless Research Project
*Sound hypothesis
-What do you want to analyze
*Valid investigation method
-Adequate model (Ex. Critical size bone defect)
-Objective method that discriminates best the parameters you examine (Ex. Histomorphometry)
-Adequate follow-up period (too long vs. too short)
*Statistically significant series
*Control Group (Ex. Bone substitutes)

6.Different Research Form
Des criptive Study
- 20 cases of mandibular distraction
.Retrospective vs. Prospective
.Control Group
- 20 cases of mandibular advancement
- 20 cases of mandibular distraction
.Multicenter study
- Shanghai, Nagasaki, Buinos Aires, Malaga, Ann Arbor, London

7.Scientific Reporting of the Research Project
.Scientific writing is more than writing "about" cases and unfortunately bad writing often result in delaying of refusal of publication because the IMReD format is not respected.
a. Introduction
b. Material and Method
c. Result
d. Discussion

8.IMReD - Format
a.This format dictates how the contents have to be presented in the different sections of a paper (Introduction, Material and Method, Results, Discussion).
b.Although publishing technology has changed dramatically over the past ten years, the principles of scientific writing have remained the same and have gained in importance

9. Title
i. The fewest possible words that adequately describe the contents of the papers
ii. "Studies on cleft lip" is too short
iii. "On the addition to the method of microscopic research by a new way of production colour-contrast between an object and its background or between definite parts of the object itself"...
iv. Sound like a good abstract
v. An improperly titled paper may be virtually lost and never reach its intended audience

10. Authors
a.Should include those, and only those, who actively contributed
b.No need for titles
Dr. M. Komblum and Dr. A. Steinkoff Obstetricians 24-Hour Services.

11. Abstract
- Is miniversion of the paper
- Must contain all relevant information, including result and conclusion
- Its importance has greatly increased since the introduction of medicine and electronic libraries
- Economy of words, written as single paragraph
- A good paper follows a good abstract
- If you cannot attract the interest of the reviewer in your abstract, your cause may be lost

12. Introduction
- Present first the nature and scope of the problem investigated
- Review briefly the pertinent literature
- State the rationale for the study
- Explain the purpose in writing the paper
- State the method of investigation and the reasons for the choice of a particular method
- Introduction should be written in the present tense

12a. Material and Methods
- This section is critically important because the cornerstone of the scientific method requires that your result, to be of scientific merit, must be reproducible and your investigation method relevant
- Whereas many readers skip this section, the reviewer will, if there is doubt about reproducibility or investigation method, reject your paper, whatever the result

12b. Material and Methods
- Give the full details, limit references
- Most should be written in the past tense
- Include exact technical specifications, quantities and generic names
- Limit the number of subheadings, and use the same in the results section
- Mention statistical method
- Do not mix some results in this section

12c. Material and Methods: Grammar
- "Blood samples were taken from 48 informed and consenting patients. The subjects ranges from 6 months to 22 years"
-Having completed the study, the sheep were of no further interest"

13.Result
- Do not describe method
- Present results in the past tense
- Present representations rather than endlessly repetitive data
"The fool collects facts: the wise man selects them" J. Powell, 1888
- Use tables where appropriate that do not need to be repeated in text
- Use meaningful % and statistics
"33.33 % of the mice in this experiment were cured, 33.33 % were unaffected by the drug. and the third mouse got away"
- State what you did NOT find
- The results should be short, without verbiage

14. Discussion
- Hardest section to write, cause for rejection
- Many are too long, verbose, not focused, not relating to the results, obscuring the true meaning of the data, repetitive, presenting new data
- Some present conclusion that is not backed by the results
- Main purpose is to show the relationship among observed facts
* Exp. About danger of alcohol
-Stress the significance (message) of your findings and your paper
-Avoid readers thinking: So what? after reading the paper

15. Discussion: Components
* Discuss - do not recapitulate results
* Point out exceptions, lack of correlations. Do not try to cover up for fudge data
* Show how results agree (contrast) with previous work
* Discuss the implications of your findings
* State your conclusions very, very clearly
* Summarize your evidence for each conclusion

16.References
* No section of a paper has so many errors
* List only significant scientific publications
* Cite RECENT publications, including doi
* Check the original publication
* Respect the journal style
* Make sure that all references are citied

17.Illustrations, Tables and Figures
* Limit tables and figures, expensive
* Do not make a table of what can be told in a single sentence
* Use high resolution illustrations, indicating clearly the area of interest

18.Identifying of a suitable Journal
* Adaptation of paper to the Journal style
* Submitting of paper: flawless scientific English
* Revising (end proofreading)
Implement or comment on editorial recommendations
Add cover letter mentioning where and how throughout the next you have made revisions

By Prof. Piet E. Haers
Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Taken from The 6th Symposium on Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery held in Shanghai

★Guide for Authors by IJOMS

★Instructions to authors by PRS

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